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01 December 2011

Firewall di mikrotik Full

10:07 PM
Drop port scanners



Code:
/ip firewall filter
add chain=input protocol=tcp psd=21,3s,3,1 action=add-src-to-address-list address-list="port scanners"
address-list-timeout=2w comment="Port scanners to list " disabled=no
add chain=input protocol=tcp tcp-flags=fin,!syn,!rst,!psh,!ack,!urg
action=add-src-to-address-list address-list="port scanners"
address-list-timeout=2w comment="NMAP FIN Stealth scan"
add chain=input protocol=tcp tcp-flags=fin,syn
action=add-src-to-address-list address-list="port scanners"
address-list-timeout=2w comment="SYN/FIN scan"
add chain=input protocol=tcp tcp-flags=syn,rst
action=add-src-to-address-list address-list="port scanners"
address-list-timeout=2w comment="SYN/RST scan"
add chain=input protocol=tcp tcp-flags=fin,psh,urg,!syn,!rst,!ack
action=add-src-to-address-list address-list="port scanners"
address-list-timeout=2w comment="FIN/PSH/URG scan"
add chain=input protocol=tcp tcp-flags=fin,syn,rst,psh,ack,urg
action=add-src-to-address-list address-list="port scanners"
address-list-timeout=2w comment="ALL/ALL scan"
add chain=input protocol=tcp tcp-flags=!fin,!syn,!rst,!psh,!ack,!urg
action=add-src-to-address-list address-list="port scanners"
address-list-timeout=2w comment="NMAP NULL scan"
add chain=input src-address-list="port scanners" action=drop comment="dropping port scanners" disabled=no

Redirect mail traffic to a specified server

Code:
ip firewall nat add chain=dstnat protocol=tcp dst-port=25 action=dst-nat to-addresses=10.0.0.1( ip server email ) to-ports=25

Block Websites & Stop Downloading Using Proxy

Code:
/ip proxy
enabled: yes
src-address: 0.0.0.0
port: 8080
parent-proxy: 0.0.0.0:0
cache-drive: system
cache-administrator: "webmaster"
max-disk-cache-size: none
max-ram-cache-size: none
cache-only-on-disk: no
maximal-client-connections: 1000
maximal-server-connections: 1000
max-object-size: 512KiB
max-fresh-time: 3d
Now, Make it Transparent
/ip firewall nat
chain=dstnat protocol=tcp dst-port=80 action=redirect to-ports=8080
Make sure that your proxy is NOT a Open Proxy
/ip firewall filter
chain=input in-interface= src-address=0.0.0.0/0 protocol=tcp dst-port=8080 action=drop
Now for Blocking Websites
/ip proxy access
dst-host=www.vansol27.com action=deny
We can also stop downloading files like.mp3, .exe, .dat, .avi,…etc.
/ip proxy access
path=*.exe action=deny
path=*.mp3 action=deny
path=*.zip action=deny
path=*.rar action=deny.
/ip proxy access
dst-host=:mail action=deny

How to autodetect infected or spammer users and temporary block the SMTP output

Code:
/ip firewall filter
add chain=forward protocol=tcp dst-port=25 src-address-list=spammer
action=drop comment="BLOCK SPAMMERS OR INFECTED USERS"
add chain=forward protocol=tcp dst-port=25 connection-limit=30,32 limit=50,5 action=add-src-to-address-list
address-list=spammer address-list-timeout=1d comment="Detect and add-list SMTP virus or spammers"
/system script
add name="spammers" source=":log error \"----------Users detected like \
SPAMMERS -------------\";
\n:foreach i in \[/ip firewall address-list find \
list=spammer\] do={:set usser \[/ip firewall address-list get \$i \
address\];
\n:foreach j in=\[/ip hotspot active find address=\$usser\] \
do={:set ip \[/ip hotspot active get \$j user\];
\n:log error \$ip;
\n:log \
error \$usser} };" policy=ftp,read,write,policy,test,winbox

Protect customer

Code:
/ip firewall filter
add chain=forward connection-state=established comment="allow established connections"
add chain=forward connection-state=related comment="allow related connections"
add chain=forward connection-state=invalid action=drop comment="drop invalid connections"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=135-139 action=drop comment="Drop Blaster Worm"
add chain=virus protocol=udp dst-port=135-139 action=drop comment="Drop Messenger Worm"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=445 action=drop comment="Drop Blaster Worm"
add chain=virus protocol=udp dst-port=445 action=drop comment="Drop Blaster Worm"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=593 action=drop comment="________"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=1024-1030 action=drop comment="________"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=1080 action=drop comment="Drop MyDoom"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=1214 action=drop comment="________"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=1363 action=drop comment="ndm requester"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=1364 action=drop comment="ndm server"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=1368 action=drop comment="screen cast"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=1373 action=drop comment="hromgrafx"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=1377 action=drop comment="cichlid"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=1433-1434 action=drop comment="Worm"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=2745 action=drop comment="Bagle Virus"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=2283 action=drop comment="Drop Dumaru.Y"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=2535 action=drop comment="Drop Beagle"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=2745 action=drop comment="Drop Beagle.C-K"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=3127-3128 action=drop comment="Drop MyDoom"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=3410 action=drop comment="Drop Backdoor OptixPro"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=4444 action=drop comment="Worm"
add chain=virus protocol=udp dst-port=4444 action=drop comment="Worm"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=5554 action=drop comment="Drop Sasser"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=8866 action=drop comment="Drop Beagle.B"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=9898 action=drop comment="Drop Dabber.A-B"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=10000 action=drop comment="Drop Dumaru.Y"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=10080 action=drop comment="Drop MyDoom.B"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=12345 action=drop comment="Drop NetBus"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=17300 action=drop comment="Drop Kuang2"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=27374 action=drop comment="Drop SubSeven"
add chain=virus protocol=tcp dst-port=65506 action=drop comment="Drop PhatBot, Agobot, Gaobot"
add chain=forward action=jump jump-target=virus comment="jump to the virus chain"
add chain=forward action=accept protocol=tcp dst-port=80 comment="Allow HTTP"
add chain=forward action=accept protocol=tcp dst-port=25 comment="Allow SMTP"
add chain=forward protocol=tcp comment="allow TCP"
add chain=forward protocol=icmp comment="allow ping"
add chain=forward protocol=udp comment="allow udp"
add chain=forward action=drop comment="drop everything else"

Firewall Komplit

Components of the filter
• protocol classifier
• invalid packet filter
• port-scan detector
• policy classifier
• application protocol filter
• TCP-specific filters
• application protocol specific filters

Code:
/ ip firewall mangle
add chain=prerouting protocol=tcp connection-state=new action=jump jump-target=tcp-services
add chain=prerouting protocol=udp connection-state=new action=jump jump-target=udp-services
add chain=prerouting connection-state=new action=jump jump-target=other-services
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=20-21 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=ftp passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=513-65535 dst-port=22 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=ssh passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=23 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=telnet passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=25 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=smtp passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=53 dst-port=53 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=dns passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=53 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=dns passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=80 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=http passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=110 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=pop3 passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=113 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=auth passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=119 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=nntp passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=143 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=imap passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=161-162 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=snmp passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=443 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=https passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=465 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=smtps passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=993 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=imaps passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=995 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=pop3s passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=1723 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=pptp passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=2379 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=kgs passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=3128 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=proxy passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=3389 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=win-ts passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=4242-4243 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=emule passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=4661-4662 dst-port=1024-65535 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=overnet passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=4711 dst-port=1024-65535 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=emule passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=5900-5901 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=vnc passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=6667-6669 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=irc passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=6881-6889 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=bittorrent passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=8080 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=http passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=8291 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=winbox passthrough=no
add chain=tcp-services protocol=tcp action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=other-tcp passthrough=no
add chain=udp-services protocol=udp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=53 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=dns passthrough=no
add chain=udp-services protocol=udp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=123 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=ntp passthrough=no
add chain=udp-services protocol=udp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=1701 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=l2tp passthrough=no
add chain=udp-services protocol=udp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=4665 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=emule passthrough=no
add chain=udp-services protocol=udp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=4672 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=emule passthrough=no
add chain=udp-services protocol=udp src-port=4672 dst-port=1024-65535 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=emule passthrough=no
add chain=udp-services protocol=udp src-port=1024-65535 dst-port=12053 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=overnet passthrough=no
add chain=udp-services protocol=udp src-port=12053 dst-port=1024-65535 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=overnet passthrough=no
add chain=udp-services protocol=udp src-port=36725 dst-port=1024-65535 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=skype passthrough=no
add chain=udp-services protocol=udp connection-state=new action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=other-udp passthrough=no
add chain=other-services protocol=icmp icmp-options=8:0-255 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=ping passthrough=no
add chain=other-services protocol=gre action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=gre passthrough=no
add chain=other-services action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=other passthrough=no
Most generic invalid packet and port-scan detection techniques
/ip firewall mangle
add chain=prerouting in-interface=Public dst-address-list=nat-addr action=mark-packet new-packet-mark=nat-traversal passthrough=no
/ ip firewall address-list
add list=illegal-addr address=0.0.0.0/8 comment="illegal addresses"
add list=illegal-addr address=127.0.0.0/8
add list=illegal-addr address=224.0.0.0/3
add list=illegal-addr address=10.0.0.0/8
add list=illegal-addr address=172.16.0.0/12
add list=illegal-addr address=192.168.0.0/16
add list=local-addr address=172.31.255.0/29 comment="my local network"
add list=nat-addr address=172.31.255.0/29 comment="my local network"
/ ip firewall filter
add chain=forward in-interface=Local out-interface=Local action=accept comment="Allow traffic between wired and wireless networks"
/ ip firewall filter
add chain=forward action=jump jump-target=sanity-check comment="Sanity Check"
add chain=sanity-check packet-mark=nat-traversal action=jump jump-target=drop comment="Deny illegal NAT traversal"
add chain=sanity-check protocol=tcp psd=20,3s,3,1 action=add-src-to-address-list address-list=blocked-addr address-list-timeout=1d comment="Block port scans"
add chain=sanity-check protocol=tcp tcp-flags=fin,psh,urg,!syn,!rst,!ack action=add-src-to-address-list address-list=blocked-addr address-list-timeout=1d comment="Block TCP Null scan"
add chain=sanity-check protocol=tcp tcp-flags=!fin,!syn,!rst,!psh,!ack,!urg action=add-src-to-address-list address-list=blocked-addr address-list-timeout=1d comment="Block TCP Xmas scan"
add chain=sanity-check protocol=tcp src-address-list=blocked-addr action=jump jump-target=drop
add chain=sanity-check protocol=tcp tcp-flags=rst action=jump jump-target=drop comment="Drop TCP RST"
add chain=sanity-check protocol=tcp tcp-flags=fin,syn action=jump jump-target=drop comment="Drop TCP SYN+FIN"
add chain=sanity-check connection-state=invalid action=jump jump-target=drop comment="Dropping invalid connections at once"
add chain=sanity-check connection-state=established action=accept comment="Accepting already established connections"
add chain=sanity-check connection-state=related action=accept comment="Also accepting related connections"
add chain=sanity-check dst-address-type=broadcast,multicast action=jump jump-target=drop comment="Drop all traffic that goes to multicast or broadcast addresses"
add chain=sanity-check in-interface=Local dst-address-list=illegal-addr dst-address-type=!local action=jump jump-target=drop comment="Drop illegal destination addresses"
add chain=sanity-check in-interface=Local src-address-list=!local-addr action=jump jump-target=drop comment="Drop everything that goes from local interface but not from local address"
add chain=sanity-check in-interface=Public src-address-list=illegal-addr action=jump jump-target=drop comment="Drop illegal source addresses"
add chain=sanity-check in-interface=Public dst-address-list=!local-addr action=jump jump-target=drop comment="Drop everything that goes from public interface but not to local address"
add chain=sanity-check src-address-type=broadcast,multicast action=jump jump-target=drop comment="Drop all traffic that goes from multicast or broadcast addresses"
/ ip firewall filter
add chain=forward protocol=tcp action=jump jump-target=restrict-tcp
add chain=forward protocol=udp action=jump jump-target=restrict-udp
add chain=forward action=jump jump-target=restrict-ip
add chain=restrict-tcp connection-mark=auth action=reject
add chain=restrict-tcp connection-mark=smtp action=jump jump-target=smtp-first-drop comment="anti-spam policy"
add chain=smtp-first-drop src-address-list=first-smtp action=add-src-to-address-list address-list=approved-smtp
add chain=smtp-first-drop src-address-list=approved-smtp action=return
add chain=smtp-first-drop action=add-src-to-address-list address-list=first-smtp
add chain=smtp-first-drop action=reject reject-with=icmp-network-unreachable
/ ip firewall filter
add chain=restrict-tcp connection-mark=other-tcp action=jump jump-target=drop
add chain=restrict-udp connection-mark=other-udp action=jump jump-target=drop
add chain=restrict-ip connection-mark=other action=jump jump-target=drop
/ ip firewall filter
add chain=input src-address-type=local dst-address-type=local action=accept comment="Allow local traffic \(between router applications\)"
add chain=input in-interface=Local protocol=udp src-port=68 dst-port=67 action=jump jump-target=dhcp comment="DHCP protocol would not pass sanity checking, so enabling it explicitly before other checks"
add chain=input action=jump jump-target=sanity-check comment="Sanity Check"
add chain=input dst-address-type=!local action=jump jump-target=drop comment="Dropping packets not destined to the router itself, including all broadcast traffic"
add chain=input connection-mark=ping limit=5,5 action=accept comment="Allow pings, but at a very limited rate \(5 per sec\)"
add chain=input in-interface=Local action=jump jump-target=local-services comment="Allowing some services to be accessible from the local network"
add chain=input in-interface=Public action=jump jump-target=public-services comment="Allowing some services to be accessible from the Internet"
add chain=input action=jump jump-target=drop
add chain=dhcp src-address=0.0.0.0 dst-address=255.255.255.255 action=accept
add chain=dhcp src-address=0.0.0.0 dst-address-type=local action=accept
add chain=dhcp src-address-list=local-addr dst-address-type=local action=accept
add chain=local-services connection-mark=ssh action=accept comment="SSH \(22/TCP\)"
add chain=local-services connection-mark=dns action=accept comment="DNS"
add chain=local-services connection-mark=proxy action=accept comment="HTTP Proxy \(3128/TCP\)"
add chain=local-services connection-mark=winbox comment="Winbox \(8291/TCP\)" disabled=no
add chain=local-services action=drop comment="Drop Other Local Services"
add chain=public-services connection-mark=ssh action=accept comment="SSH \(22/TCP\)"
add chain=public-services connection-mark=pptp action=accept comment="PPTP \(1723/TCP\)"
add chain=public-services connection-mark=gre action=accept comment="GRE for PPTP"
add chain=public-services action=drop comment="Drop Other Public Services"

Proxying everything

Code:
/ ip firewall nat
add chain=dstnat in-interface=Local connection-mark=dns action=redirect comment="proxy for DNS requests"
add chain=dstnat in-interface=Local connection-mark=http protocol=tcp action=redirect to-ports=3128 comment="proxy for HTTP requests"
add chain=dstnat in-interface=Local connection-mark=ntp action=redirect comment="proxy for NTP requests"

Enable Proxy servers

Code:
/ system ntp server
set enabled=yes broadcast=no multicast=no manycast=no
/ system ntp client
set enabled=yes mode=unicast primary-ntp=xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx secondary-ntp=0.0.0.0
/ ip proxy
set enabled=yes port=3128 parent-proxy=0.0.0.0:1 maximal-client-connections=1000 maximal-server-connections=1000
/ ip dns
set primary-dns=yyy.yyy.yyy.yyy secondary-dns=0.0.0.0 allow-remote-requests=yes cache-size=2048KiB cache-max-ttl=1w

Bruteforce login prevention (FTP & SSH)

Code:
/ip firewall filter
add chain=input protocol=tcp dst-port=21 src-address-list=ftp_blacklist action=drop
add chain=output action=accept protocol=tcp content="530 Login incorrect" dst-limit=1/1m,9,dst-address/1m
add chain=output action=add-dst-to-address-list protocol=tcp content="530 Login incorrect" \
address-list=ftp_blacklist address-list-timeout=3h
add chain=input protocol=tcp dst-port=22 src-address-list=ssh_blacklist action=drop \
comment="drop ssh brute forcers" disabled=no
add chain=input protocol=tcp dst-port=22 connection-state=new \
src-address-list=ssh_stage3 action=add-src-to-address-list address-list=ssh_blacklist \
address-list-timeout=10d comment="" disabled=no
add chain=input protocol=tcp dst-port=22 connection-state=new \
src-address-list=ssh_stage2 action=add-src-to-address-list address-list=ssh_stage3 \
address-list-timeout=1m comment="" disabled=no
add chain=input protocol=tcp dst-port=22 connection-state=new src-address-list=ssh_stage1 \
action=add-src-to-address-list address-list=ssh_stage2 address-list-timeout=1m comment="" disabled=no
add chain=input protocol=tcp dst-port=22 connection-state=new action=add-src-to-address-list \
address-list=ssh_stage1 address-list-timeout=1m comment="" disabled=no

Wassalamu'alaikum...

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